The waist circumference is also a reliable method of estimating the weight of the individual and also the intraabdominal fat mass. The measurement of the waist is
taken half way between the iliac crest (hip bone) and the edge of the last and lowest rib.
The WHO – World Health Organization recommends the following as normal or healthy values.
Maximum of 31.5 inches or 80cm. measurements above 34.5in/88cm are considered unhealthy .
Maximum of 37 inches or 94cm. Measurement above 40in/102cm are considered unhealthy because it’s an indication of buildup of excess fat around the digestive organs, intra-abdominal area: which can lead to insulin resistance (favours development of diabetes).
Focus of weight management
Weight management should be considered under these broad categories.
a. gaining weight (for under weights: BMI < 18.5),
b. Maintaining weight (Ideal Weight BMI= 18.5 to 24.5 or
higher who are comfortable with it),
c. losing weight (overweight: BMI>25<30) and obese >30
Most medical professionals now think the BMI should be just one of many measurements used to assess health and that your weight on the scale is not ultimate in determining the overall health of a person.
A person who is overweight, eats healthy and is physically active can be healthier than one who is of normal weight and eats unhealthy diet coupled with physical inactivity.
Fat around the waist is more biologically active and can do more damage to your body than the weight on the scale. Waist circumference is more reliable and more closely correlated with diseases associated with obesity. Other factors such as blood pressure, blood glucose; cholesterol in blood e.t.c. should be used to determine the health of a person.