Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system gets confused about its own healthy tissue, sees them as foreign bodies and attacks them. Rheumatoid arthritis can attack many other organs hence termed as systemic disease and sometimes also rheumatoid disease.It has no specific pattern of progression and it can show various manifestations in different patients.
Rheumatoid arthritis presents in many ways. It can have episodic,chronic or acute onset. Ultimately most patients develop joint pain and stiffness but there is great variability in symptoms. Persons with rheumatoid arthritis sometimes present with other organ involvement such as eye,lung,heart or neurologic changes.
CAUSES
The main causes of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown however factors which might be considered responsible for rheumatoid arthritis are;
*Bacteria infections like Epstein-Barr virus
*Injury like fracture, dislocation
*Smoking
*Obesity
*Family History:Genetics
SYMPTOMS
The main systems of the disease are inflammation of the joints which includes
*Pain
*Swelling
*Redness
*Stiffness
*Flare ups
*Loss of joint function and deformities
*Anaemia
*Tender joints
Symtoms may occur continuously in some patients while it comes and goes.

COMPLICATIONS
Rheumatoid arthritis leads to inflammation of various parts of the body. Some of the these complications are ;
*Dryness of the eye and glands of the eye (Sjogren’s syndrome )
*Inflammation of the sclera (Scleritis)
*Inflammation of the pericardium (Pericarditis)
*Anaemia
*Inflammation of the vessels
MANAGEMENT
*Along with traditional medicines and lifestyle changes can bring about much improvement in Rheumatoid arthritis.
*Monitoring your flare ups and remissions can determine activities that worsens the symptoms.
*Eliminating sugar intake,saturated fats and smoking.
*Including omega 3 fatty acids,eating fish like salmon and herrings helps in improving the condition.
*Fresh fruits,vegetables, wholegrain,milk and other dairy products brings about significant improvements.

  • Exercising at least 3 times a week helps prevent damage to weight bearing joints. Exercising helps keep the joints active.
    *Getting enough sleep will help reduce inflammation and pain
    *Applying alternate cold with hot treatments reduced stiffness.

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