EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK “MEMORY” BY DR J K AMPONSAH
Learning takes place almost all the time in the life of every individual. From infancy, you learn how to walk, talk and as you mature you learn how to ride bicycles and others. Learning takes place when individuals retain and utilize past memories
“There is no end to education. It is not that you read a book, pass an examination and finish with education. The whole life from the moment you are born to the moment you die, is a process of learning” by Jiddu Krishnamurti.
“Live as if you were to die tomorrow, learn as if you were to live forever” by Mahatma Gandhi
Learning is said to have taken place when we understand something and can explain, teach or demonstrate it to others.
Intelligence refers to intellectual functioning and it develops through learning. It depends on study habits, study skills which can be learnt, measured by assessment tools, tests and examination. Intelligence is the faculty of understanding, quickness or superiority of understanding.
No learning = No intelligence
Assessment and examinations
Researchers have found that being tested on information is one of the best ways to improve retention of the information and recall. Studying and rehearsing information is an excellent way to ensure that you will remember a piece of information;however, being tested on it helps with consolidating what has been learnt.
An experiment that was conducted found that students who studied and were then tested had better long-term recall of the materials, even on information that was not covered by the tests. Students who had extra time to study but were not tested had significantly lower recall of the materials.
Therefore, students who test themselves with self-generated questions or past questions after studying and rehearsing a material are likely to do better than those who will not do so.
Taking an examination or a test on information actually helps you to remember it better.