Peptic Ulcer
Peptic Ulcer are open sores that develops in the inner lining of the oesophagus, stomach or small intestine. Peptic ulcer normally occurs in duodenum and stomach. The common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.There are two(2) main types of Peptic ulcers. They include:
*Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach
*Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of the small intestine (duodenum).


CAUSES OF PEPTIC ULCER

  • Helicobacter pylori infection.
  • Long term anti-pain and anti-inflammatory medicine use (Examples are Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Diclofenac etc).
    *Stress
    *Smoking
    *Excessive alcohol
    SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PEPTIC ULCER.
    *Burning or pain in the upper abdomen.
    *Feeling of fullness, bloating or belching
    *Vomiting
    *Fatty food intolerance
    *Heartburn
    *Flatulence
    *Abdominal discomfort
    *Nausea
    *Weight loss
    *Anaemia

CHARACTERISTICS OF GASTRIC ULCER
*Occurs at anytime, irrespective of meal timings.
*Taking food provokes ulcer pain
*Gastric ulcer can result in weight loss.

  • Gastric ulcer is more common in about 15% of families with genetic susceptibility.

CHARACTERISTICS OF DUODENAL ULCER.
*There is an acute pinpoint epigastric or gnawing pain.
*Pain intensifies during midnight, due to excess acid secretion.
*Ulcer pains reduces after the administration of an antacid
*Loss of blood.
*Ulcer pains can be relieved by food intake.
*Duodenal ulcer normally leads to weight gain.
*Gastric ulcer is more common in about 20-50% of families with genetic susceptibility.

COMPLICATIONS
Some common complications of Peptic ulcer includes;
*Internal bleeding. Bleeding occurs as slow loss of blood leads to anaemia. Excessive blood loss in most cases, require hospitalization or a blood transfusion. Severe blood loss may cause black or bloody vomit and stools.
*Infection. Peptic ulcers can create holes through the wall of the stomach or small intestine, increasing the risk of infections of abdominal cavity.
*Obstruction. Peptic ulcers can block passage of food through the digestive tract, causing vomiting and weight loss through either swelling from inflammation or scarring.
PREVENTION
The suggestion below may reduce the risk of peptic ulcer.
*Drink clean water always.
*Avoid eating cold or contaminated foods

  • Frequently washing hands with soap and water and by eating foods that have been cooked completely.
  • Avoid anti-pain medicine abuse.

Always talk to a Medical Doctor, Pharmacist or Nurse if you happen to experience any the discussed symptoms.

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