Hypertension is a silent, invisible killer that rarely causes symptoms.Raised blood pressure is a serious warning sign that significant lifestyles changes is urgently needed.
Hypertension is defined as consistent rise in blood pressure over a period of time. It may be defined as systolic pressure measuring of 140mmhg or more and diastolic of 90 mmhg and above. Hypertension is responsible for at least 45% of deaths due to heart disease and 51% of deaths due to stroke.
CLASSIFICATION OF HYPERTENSION
*Primary ( essential) hypertension: a type of hypertension of unknown cause. Mostly 90-95% of cases stem from essential hypertension.
*Secondary hypertension : a type of hypertension of a known cause . Usually present in 5-10% of adults.
* Excess body weight.
* Lack of physical activity
*Excessive alcohol intake
*Race ( predominant in African Americans)
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
* Blurred vision
* Muscle cramps
*Difficulty in breathing etc
*Drug induced or related
* Chronic kidney disease
*Drug abuse ( steroids abuse)
*Lack of sleep
MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION
* Engaging in therapeutic lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, regular physical activity, reduction in alcohol intake and reducing salt intake.
* Reporting to the nearest hospital whenever any of the above symptoms are experienced.
*Reducing animal fat intake.
*Weight reduction in obese and overweight individuals
*Avoid or quit smoking
*Following medication instructions and counseling from health professionals
*Regular hospital reviews.